The beta lactoglobulin is an enzyme or more likely known as whey protein primarily found in the milk of animals such as cow and sheep and likewise, in other mammalian species. The exceptions, in this case, are humans. Beta lactoglobulin is considered to be one of the key componentsof milk skin, coagulating and denaturing when the milk boils.The cow protein is the major whey protein synthesized as a 180-amino-acid polypeptide from which an 18-residue signal peptide is removed on secretion.Beta-lactoglobulin is a compactly folded globular protein and is mainly a dimer, which is very pressure-sensitive, and its denaturation process is inherently linked to its functionality.
What are the benefits of beta lactoglobulin?
Beta-lactoglobulinis believed to boost the immune system of humans. The main purpose is to provide a source for amino acids. The main purpose of beta lactoglobulin is less clear, and although it can bind many small hydrophobic molecules, the main motive or aim may just be to act as a source of amino acids. It helps in increasing human cell proliferationusing a hybridoma cell,a splenocyte fused with a myeloma cellmodel. LG’s ability to promote cell proliferation was lost when the protein is denatured. Beta lactoglobulin is abundantly found in Bovine’s milk. It mainly serves the purpose of defending against severe diseases. To add further Beta-lactoglobulin is known to be one of the most inexpensive antioxidant nutrients that are readily and easily accessible.
Can Beta-lactoglobulin cause any allergy?
Beta lactoglobulin can lead to allergies if the person is an iron deficit or iron devoid. It is one of the most common proteins in milk that may lead to allergic reactions. This allergy can occur in both children and adults. This is often confused with lactose intolerance which is completely different from having an allergy frombeta lactoglobulin. If you are lactose intolerant than, you might consider having the number of portions in a lower amount containing lactose. It also depends on whether you completely want to cut off lactose based foods in your diet. Whereas, in the case of an allergic reaction, it is advisable to completely exclude and avoid dairy or lactose based foods from your diet.
What are the symptoms of a beta lactoglobulin allergy?
The most common symptoms of an allergy are visibly nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, etc. In some cases, it can cause weight gain issues, malnutrition, energy loss due to dehydration from throwing up. Some may present a rash, pruritus, angioedema, bronchospasm, oral allergy, eosinophilic esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux, cramps, eosinophilicgastroenteropathy, enteropathy, enterocolitis, allergic colitis, chronic constipation, and skin and respiratory disorders.
How does this Beta lactoglobulin work in our body?
Beta lactoglobulin like α-lactalbumin is a lipocalin protein and binds many hydrophobic molecules, that suggests a role in their transport. The beta lactoglobulin has also been able to bind iron through siderophores and might have a role in combating against pathogens.